Phytoplankton microbiome is a set of microorganisms, mainly beneficial bacteria that inhabit its surrounding micro-environment. It exerts a vitally important function of nutrient exchange linked with the carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur cycle.
The phycosphere, a microscopic ecosystem with macroscopic impact
The microcosm is one with the macrocosm.
The symbiotic interaction in the Phycosphere, despite being on a microscopic scale, has an impact at the level of the planetary macrocosm.
These organisms and their interaction – cooperation are the basis of the aquatic food chain, on which the other links depend.
Thanks to their metabolic capacity, they regulate the cycle of carbon, sulfur and other essential nutrients for life.
The phycosphere plays an essential role in the exchange of gases between water and the atmosphere. This micro-ecosystem is responsible for more than 50% of the oxygen we breathe and is the sink for about 40% of CO2, one of the main greenhouse gases.